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Flora in Jim Corbett National Park

Situated among the hills of Uttarakhand, Jim Corbett National Park is home to a variety of flora. The park contains more than 600 species of trees, shrubs, herbs, and flowering plants. The forests of Jim Corbett are of dense moist deciduous type with the prominent trees being Sal, Khair, Sissoo, Peepal, Rohini, Mango, and the coniferous variety of Chir Pine. Along with these, the park also has flowering plant species of Amaltas, Semal, Haldu, Kachnar, Eucalyptus, Jacaranda and Bamboo. There are shrubs of Ber and Maror Phali as well, that function as fodder to the herbivorous animals in the park.

Main Flora Found in the Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve Forest

  • Sal Tree - The dominant tree species at Jim Corbett that takes up 40% of the park’s forest cover, the Sal tree is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 20 to 25 meters in length and has large leathery leaves. A multi-purpose tree, its resin, seeds, and fruits are used as a cure for many ailments. During the months of February and March, the tree sheds its leaves, with the new leaves starting to sprout from April, flowers of which produce fruits between June and July.
  • Sissoo Tree - Another major tree found in Jim Corbett is Sissoo. Sissoo tree also commonly known as Sheesham, is a medium to large tree that can grow up to 10 to 15 meters in length and is often seen with a curved trunk. The leaves of Sissoo have a pointed tip and are found in a set of 5 leaflets. The flowers are pale in color with the fruits resembling pea pods.
  • Chir Pine - A native species of the Himalayan region, the Chir Pine tree is an evergreen tree that can be seen at Jim Corbett. This coniferous tree can grow up to more than 30 meters long with a trunk diameter of 2 meters. Growing in sets of 3, the leaves of Chir Pine are slender with a needle-like appearance and have a length of 25 to 30 cm. The tree brings forth flowers during the months of February and April which later produce pine cones, which turn from green to brown.
  • Amaltas - Amaltas are easily recognized by their iconic yellow flowers that hang down from the tree’s branches. The tree is medium-sized and can grow up to 10 to 20 meters long. The ornamental flowers are made of clusters of flowers containing 5 petals each that bloom to glory between the summer months of May and June.
  • Semal - Semal is a beautiful tree that grows in Jim Corbett and is identified by its vibrant red flowers that bloom during March and April. Growing to a height of 20 meters, the fruits of the tree burst open in May and produces cotton-like fibers from within. Apart from the colorful charm of the tree, the cotton produced is often used as fillers for quilts and pillows.

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